Chris Maunder Mapping Modern German Marian Apparition Shrines
Abstract: The Roman Catholic world is known for its network of shrines to honour saints and, above all, the Virgin Mary. Many Marian shrines originated in claims of apparitions or miracles which inspired the founding of a chapel or abbey as a pilgrimage site. In 19th and 20th century Western Europe, a group of new visionary sites became famous and, in doing so, superseded older precursors. However, modern apparition shrines in Catholic Germany are not well known outside its borders, despite the fact that appreciable numbers of people travel to places that only emerged as shrines from the 1870s onward (in particular the 1930s and 1940s).
Keywords: Apparitions, Germany, Virgin Mary, Shrine, Catholic, Europe